Bacon Agreement

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The Bacon Agreement: A Brief History

The Bacon Agreement is an agreement agreed upon by several European countries in response to a trade dispute that arose in the early 20th century. The agreement primarily dealt with the importation of American cured pork products, commonly known as bacon.

In the early 1900s, several European countries, including Germany and Russia, imposed high tariffs and anti-dumping duties on American bacon. This made it difficult for American meat producers to export their products to European countries, leading to a trade war that eventually threatened to escalate into a wider conflict.

To avoid a potential trade war, American and European representatives met in 1910 to negotiate a solution. The result was the Bacon Agreement, which allowed American bacon producers to export their products to European markets at a reduced tariff rate.

The agreement was first signed by several European countries, including Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia. Other countries subsequently joined, including Belgium, Denmark, and the Netherlands.

Impact and Legacy of the Bacon Agreement

The Bacon Agreement had a significant impact on the global trade of cured pork products. It allowed American bacon producers to access European markets, which helped to increase demand and production of bacon in the United States.

The agreement also helped to prevent a wider trade war between America and Europe. By negotiating a compromise, both sides were able to avoid the economic and political consequences that would have resulted from an extended conflict.

Today, the Bacon Agreement is seen as a landmark in international trade negotiations. It demonstrated the power of diplomacy and compromise to resolve even the most intractable trade disputes.

While the Bacon Agreement is no longer in effect, its legacy lives on. The agreement paved the way for future negotiations and agreements, such as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the World Trade Organization (WTO).


The Bacon Agreement is a fascinating episode in the history of international trade. By allowing American bacon producers to export their products to European markets, the agreement helped to increase demand and production of bacon in the United States while preventing a wider trade war. Today, the legacy of the Bacon Agreement continues to influence negotiations and agreements in the field of global trade.